The Third International Symposium “Fundamental Questions of Exploration, Extraction, Separation of Rare and Rare Earth Elements, and the Creation of Advanced Materials Based on Them” opened on August 15. Over its four days, the problems of production of rare earth metals (REM), which are the basis of new promising materials for the development of energy, the aerospace industry, electronics, defense industry, and other strategically important areas, will be discussed.
TSU traditionally acts as the organizer of the scientific forum. Its co-organizers are IPCET SB RAS, OJSC Hydrometallurgical Plant, (Lermontov), Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, and other research centres. This time, the city of Almaty was the venue of the symposium.
Now scientists from different countries are working on new technologies aimed at increasing the production of rare earth metals. At the forum organized by TSU, researchers will present the latest developments in this area and discuss methods and approaches to separating and isolating very pure and rare earth elements. The symposium participants will offer their own approaches to using rare earth metals in metallurgy, catalysis, medicine, optoelectronics, and other areas.
According to forecasts, in the next five years, the global demand for rare earth elements will increase by 150%. The main prerequisites for further growth of the consumption of rare earth elements in the world are tightening of environmental requirements (the need to create new automotive catalysts and additives to diesel fuel), the development of energy-saving technologies and alternative energy sources, and the development and introduction of new structural materials (in aircraft, spacecraft, vehicles, and pipelines).
Geologists estimate that Russia currently has the second largest reserves of rare earth metals in the world, after China. More than 70% of deposits are concentrated in the Murmansk Region and the remainder in the Komi Republic, the Republic of Sakha, and the Krasnoyarsk Krai.