On 4 December Tomsk State University will host a campaign dedicated to World Soil Day. In this way, the students of the TSU Biological Institute want to draw public attention to one of the most urgent, but not one of the most visible problems – the exhaustion and destruction of fertile soil.
Soil is feeding seven billion people living on the planet. People get 90% of their food by cultivating the soil. But often they use it incorrectly, which along with deforestation leads to exhaustion and destruction. For this reason, 24 billion tons of fertile soil was lost in 2011 alone.
During the campaign, which will begin at 14.00 in the hall of the TSU Culture Centre, everyone can participate in a quiz and win small prizes for correct answers, and learn new facts about soil. As part of the promotional campaign there will be an exhibition of artifacts from the Soil Museum of TSU. Student biologists will tell visitors about the features of different types of soils, including the most rare types.
- Not everyone is aware of how acute the problem of preservation and restoration of fertile lands is today, and it is no accident that UNESCO declared 2015 the International Year of the Soil, - says Oleg Merzlyakov, Acting Head of the Department of Soil Science and Soil Ecology of Biological Institute. - According to experts, the land available for a person on the planet will be halved by 2050. The populations of the less developed countries are starving today, and in fact, we are all approaching famine.
Don’t forget that the health of the soil plays an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change due to the accumulation (binding) of carbon and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Improper use of it, in turn, leads to the opposite effect.
It is time not only to reflect on the preservation of fertile land, but also to take maximum measures to restore it. It is much wiser not to restore what was brought almost to death, but rather to preserve the soil and keep in mind that the earth is not only our heritage, our children will also live on it.