Scientific research institutes are a major component of the University’s educational and research complex. The research potential and scientific equipment of the Siberian Institute of Physics and Technology, the Scientific and Research Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, the Scientific and Research Institute of Biology and Biophysics, as well as the Botanical Garden, are widely used in the learning process. At research laboratories, students carry out a significant part of their work in various areas of knowledge, and prepare their course papers and qualification theses.
The institute has 3 scientific departments and 18 laboratories.
The Institute’s main achievement is the Professor V. Stegnia leading scientific school of evolutionary cytogenetics, established in the 1990s. It received several Presidential Grants for Government Support of Young Russian Scientists and the Leading Scientific Schools of the Russian Federation. The main achievement of this scientific school was the discovery of the mutations system, the leading mechanism of speciation, based on which were revealed fundamentally new regularities of the evolutionary transformation of species and populations genomes. This direction was and continues to be successfully developed and deepened in molecular and genetic aspects.
The Physiology Department conducted a study of human and animal physiological mechanisms, their development and stability. The main achievement is the development of new methodologies of physiological studies (the methodology and set of methods for studying the structural and functional state of the gastrointestinal tract mucous membrane layer, the assessment method of psychophysiological human resistance) to study the role of cardiac and respiratory rhythm in the mechanisms of internal time sense, and the creation of computer techniques for studying human time perception.
The Department of Ecology conducted a comprehensive field study of nature conservation and environmental management in Western Siberia. This work formed the basis of the landscape and ecological map of the Tomsk Region. Many environmental research projects are supported by various international funds.
The Scientific Research Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (NII PMM) is currently a separate structural subdivision of Tomsk State University.
Its staff team consists of 173 people, including 102 researchers, among them 43 PhD and 16 Doctors of Science and a full member and a member of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences. Former Institute employees working at the other Tomsk universities are widely involved in the scientific work.
The Institute has six academic departments:
1) Fluid Dynamics and Physics of the Explosion
2) Mechanics of Deformable Solids
3) Aerodynamics and Thermal Physics
4) Astrometry and Celestial Mechanics
5) Fast Processes
6) Mathematical Physics
NII PMM TSU with the Physical and technical, Mechanical-mathematical and Physical TSU Departments conducted research in the following areas:
Theory of combustion and gas dynamics
Gas dynamics of high enthalpy flows, including two-phase and conductive
Aeromechanics of two-phase flow in powder technology devices research and design
Fast processes mechanics and physics
Theory of elasticity, strength, and destruction
Aircraft flight dynamics
Astrometry and celestial mechanics
Currently, the Institute structure comprises 6 departments: the research and education centers "Compound semiconductors Physics and Electronics", "Radio and optoelectronics functional materials", "Radiophysics and electronics", "Research Institute of medical materials and implants with shape memory", "Department of Computer Science" and "Photonics Branch". The Institute also includes 7 independent laboratories: space geophysics and ecology, physics of plasticity and strength, physics of structural transformations, metallography, physics of inelasticity materials, alloys theories of and the optical wave propagation laboratory.
The Institute develops high-tech industry, thereby creating the conditions for the production of SFTI scientists’ research and development activities. This principle of organization ensures the Institute’s economic sustainability and growth and promotes the scientific and technological development and increased basic and applied research in science and technology priority areas. The Institute consolidates research in the priority area "Industry of nanosystems and materials", by creating a Center for Nanotechnology. Now the several departments have actively developed this direction.
The Siberian Botanical Garden was founded in the summer of 1880 under the leadership of Professor Krylov. It was the first botanical institution in the Asian part of Russia. The staff of the Siberian Botanical Gardens was awarded the RF Government Prize in the field of science and technique for the establishment of a botanical complex that is unique in the Earth’s northern latitudes.
The range of scientific interests includes: recommend using bullets
introduction of species of natural and cultured flora on the basis of scientific achievements in the biotechnology, genetics and biochemistry of plants;
study of conditions of populations of rare and vanishing plant species, preservation of their gene pool; and
ornamental dendrology and landscape architecture.
Tomsk State University Siberian Botanical Garden is an urban area of 10 hectares that includes a protection park, a conservatory and greenhouse complex, and the area near the greenhouse representing a single landscape-architectural ensemble. The greenhouse complex, an area of 6.5 square meters, consists of 4 large sections open to the public and 8 isolated sections, where 12 major climate regimes are maintained. It exchanges introduction material with 150 botanical institutions from 40 countries.
Collections include more than 6,000 species, forms, and varieties of living plants, among them 1,750 tropical and subtropical taxons in the under-glass area, including:
family orchidaceae – 126, ornamental tree and shrub of open ground - 796 species, forms and varieties of herbaceous ornamental of open ground - 1105 species, forms and varieties
medicinal plants - 535 species,
fruit and berry plants - 338 species, forms, and varieties,
forage herbs - 526 species and varieties,,
vegetables - 426 species and varieties, and
rare and endangered Tomsk region flora - 551 varieties.
The Siberian Botanical Garden handles 137 species of world rare plants, including 43 species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.
The Siberian Botanical Garden structure includes an administration and management department and 9 research laboratories where the field study of tropical and subtropical introduction of ornamental, medicinal, agricultural, rare and endangered plants is conducted and issues of dendrology and landscape architecture, biotechnology, phytochemistry, and protection of plants from pests and diseases are examined.
Historically the Research Library of Tomsk State University holds a special place in the university’s life. In 1969 it became the methodological center for libraries of institutions of higher learning in Western Siberia. The Library’s potential is measured not only by the quantity and variety of its book fund (3.6 million publications) but also by the presence of 160 qualified staff who provide information services for the University’s research and educational processes, as well as for scholars and students of scientific and educational institutions in Tomsk and other Siberian regions.
Today the Library’s book collection totals some four million items, including about two million monographs, 900,000 journals; 4,500 maps and posters; 4,700 newspapers, and other resources. Each year the collection acquires roughly 50,000 new items of diverse types and formats. The rich collection of Russian and international publications is accessible through both alphabetic and systematic catalogues, and an ambitious effort is underway to computerize the monograph and serials catalogues. Each year the Library serves some 50,000 readers. It maintains exchanges with 70 libraries and institutions within the Russian Federation and abroad.
Library staff conducts current and retrospective bibliographic research, pursues a range of library-science projects, prepares historical documents for public release, and publishes archival materials.
The Rare Books and Manuscripts Division, established in 1945, now holds about 100,000 items in four sections: manuscripts and archival documents, rare books, graphic materials, and reference works. The manuscripts and archival documents collection includes manuscript books dating from the fourteenth to twentieth centuries and about twenty personal archives, including the papers of such prominent Siberian figures as Grigory Potanin, Petr Makushin, and others.